华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2011, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 126-132.doi:

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“保产”还是“安民”? 
——从“寄柩所风波”看内战时期上海市政府的两难

阮清华   

  1. 华东师范大学历史学系,上海,200241
  • 出版日期:2011-07-15 发布日期:2011-07-26
  • 通讯作者: 阮清华
  • 作者简介:阮清华
  • 基金资助:

    本文是教育部人文社科青年基金项目(项目批准号09YJC770015)的中期成果,同时获得上海市重点学科项目资助(项目编号B405)。

“Protecting Private Property” or “Stabilizing People’s Livelihood”?
----An Analysis of Shanghai Municipal Government’s Dilemma in the “Incident of Corpse Deposit” during the Civil War Period

RUAN Qing-Hua   

  • Online:2011-07-15 Published:2011-07-26
  • Contact: RUAN Qing-Hua
  • About author:RUAN Qing-Hua

摘要: 1947年10月到1949年5月,2万多名苏北难民占居了上海众多的寄柩所等存放尸棺的地方,引发了一场同乡团体、难民与市政府之间长达两年之久的“寄柩所风波”。同乡团体指责难民为“莠民”,要求市政府履行“现代政府”的基本职能———保护私人产业、驱逐莠民;难民则声称自己是“素怀忠贞的义民”,要求市政府保护其基本生存权利;国民党上海市政府处在夹缝中左右为难,但实际行动上还是倾向于以民生为重,显示出一个向现代政府过渡的市政权在特殊时期的能量与局限。

关键词: 难民, 寄柩所, 莠民, 义民, 现代政府

Abstract: More than twenty thousand refugees were living in some deposits where coffins with corpses were kept during the period from October 1947 to May 1949 in Shanghai. That was called “Incident of Corpse Deposit”. The townsmen associations denounced refugees as “rogues”. They appealed Shanghai Municipal Government to protect their properties and expel the rogues. Refugees alleged that they were righteous people and asked Shanghai Municipal Government to ensure supplies for their life. Shanghai Municipal Government was in a dilemma. But the government had to pay close attention to the refugees’ livelihood.

Key words: refugee , corpse deposit , rogue , righteous people , modern government