华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2011, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 141-151.doi:

• 学科回顾与展望 • 上一篇    

激进主义思潮反思三十年

朱晶   

  1. 浙江大学历史系,杭州,310028
  • 出版日期:2011-07-15 发布日期:2011-07-26
  • 通讯作者: 朱晶
  • 作者简介:朱晶

Reflection and Transcendence ----A Review of Studies on Radicalism

ZHU Jing   

  • Online:2011-07-15 Published:2011-07-26
  • Contact: ZHU Jing
  • About author:ZHU Jing

摘要: 20世纪八九十年代对于激进主义的反思,既是一系列社会政治变动的产物,又是新启蒙运动内在理路延伸的结果。关于激进主义的论争主要围绕如下问题展开:1、激进与保守的概念界定及其在中国近代史上的地位问题;2、关于革命和“告别革命”的论争;3、对于“五四”激烈反传统主义的再认识;4,激进主义盛行的原因。论争的双方在认识论基础和对中国社会转型的思想预设方面存在重大差异。超越激进与保守之争,既需要一种历史主义的眼光,也需要在文化多元的框架内实现二者之间的动态平衡。

关键词: 激进主义, 保守主义, 反思, 自由主义

Abstract: The reflection of radicalism during the period from 1980s to 1990s was a product of a series of social and political changes, and also a result of New Enlightenment’s logical extension. Disputes of radicalism are mainly concerned with: definitions of radical and conservative concepts and their places in the history of modern China, revolution or farewell to revolution, recognition of radically opposing traditionalism during the May Fourth Movement, and causes for unchecked spread of radicalism. The two sides of disputes have major differences in their epistemological foundations and in their ideological preconditions about Chinese social transitions. To go beyond the debates over radical and conservative, it is necessary to return them to their original state according to historicism, and meanwhile to realize a dynamic equilibrium between them both under the conditioning of conservative liberalism.

Key words: radicalism , conservatism , reflection , transcendence , conservative liberalism