华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2011, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 61-69.doi:

• 法学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

探寻契约效力的哲理源泉 ——以民法法系原因理论为视角

陈融   

  1. 华东他师范大学法律系,上海,200241
  • 收稿日期:1900-01-01 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2011-01-25 发布日期:2011-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈融

Exploiting the Philosophical Origin of the Binding Force of Contracts

Chen Rong   

  1. Department of Law, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200241
  • Received:1900-01-01 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2011-01-25 Published:2011-01-25
  • Contact: Chen Rong

摘要: 民法法系中的“原因”概念萌芽于古罗马法《学说汇纂》的条文。评论法学派于14世纪在利用古希腊哲学对罗马法文本解读中提出了一般原因学说。后经院法学家于16世纪对罗马法、亚里士多德哲学及托马斯哲学进行综合的基础上形成了关于契约效力基础的原因理论,即,允诺得到强制实施必须基于两种原因:允诺人践行了慷慨美德或者交换正义的美德。近现代及当代契约理论对契约效力解释力的不足突显出已经衰落的原因理论的哲理优势。事实表明:第一、法学不能孤立于哲学,离开了“最终目的”这一精神中枢,契约法就变得无法界定。第二、法律应该根植于道德,并弘扬和促进人类的善德,契约的效力原则应该反映人类在允诺中的多元价值追求。

关键词: 契约效力, 原因理论, 哲理源泉

Abstract: The concept of Causa in Civil Law system originated in ancient Roman law. In the 14th century, the Commentators found the general theory of Causa when interpreting the texts of Roman law through Aristotelian and Thomistic philosophical conceptions. In 16th century, late scholastics achieved the synthesis between Roman law and Aristotelian and Thomistic moral philosophy. They concluded that the promises are enforceable if they are made for the virtues of liberty and commutative justice. The insufficiency of modern contract theory implies the philosophical advantage of the doctrine of Causa. Legal science can not be isolated from philosophy. Laws should be rooted in moral, improve human virtue, and reflect the multiple pursuits in promises.

Key words: binding force of contracts, doctrine of Causa, philosophical origin