华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2011, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 95-102.doi:

• 中国近代史研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

论晚清中国的绅士、绅权和国家权力

杨国强   

  1. 华东师范大学历史系,上海,200241
  • 收稿日期:1900-01-01 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2011-01-25 发布日期:2011-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 杨国强

On the Historical Changes of Gentry’s Right in the Late Qing Dynasty

Yang Guo-qiang   

  1. Institute for Studies in Modern Chinese Thought and Culture,East China Normal University,Shanghai,200241,China
  • Received:1900-01-01 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2011-01-25 Published:2011-01-25
  • Contact: Yang Guo-qiang

摘要: 清初抑绅权。此后的二百余年里,在籍绅士居于国家权力的规范之下,大半都
不再有搅动地方的力量。迨太平天国起东南,地方官以守土为责分,从而不得不以募勇筹饷为要务。但募勇筹饷都要由绅士来承担,因此,这个过程实际上又成了国家权力重新扶植绅权的过程。随后五十年,被扶植起来的绅权一面同官府合作,一面又在伸张和扩张之中同官府颉颃。而当灌入的西潮催化社会嬗蜕之日,这种古老的东西又获得了原本所没有的新义。

关键词: 晚清, 绅权, 国家权力

Abstract: In the early Qing Dynasty, the gentry’s right was suppressed. In the following 200 years, the gentries in their hometown were adapted to the norms of state power, thus most of them can not arouse trouble among the local people. After the Taiping Movement started from Southeast China, in order to defend the territory, the local officials had to recruit soldiers and raise their provisions. All these things had to be done by the gentries, inevitably it brought about the rising of gentry’s right with the help of state power. In the following 50 years, the newly increased right of the gentries on the one hand cooperated with the government, on the other hand confronted with the government. With the pouring of Western Study trend and changing of traditional society, the old term of gentry’s right got its new significance.

Key words: Gentry’s Right in the Late Qing Dynasty, Historical Changes, Recruit Soldiers and Raise Their Provisions