• 中国古代史专题 •

### 集权礼制的变迁阶段及其特点

1. 山西师范大学, 上海师范大学, 上海, 200433
• 发布日期:2020-01-14
• 作者简介:汤勤福,山西师范大学特聘教授,上海师范大学古籍所教授(上海,200433)。
• 基金资助:
2012年度国家社科基金重大招标项目"中国礼制变迁及其现代价值研究"（项目编号：12&ZD134）。

### Stages of Centralized Ritual System and Their Features

TANG Qin-fu

• Published:2020-01-14

Abstract: The centralized ritual system has constituted an important period in the evolvement of Chinese traditional rituals. It is a national ritual system with centralized power in despotism as its political foundation, small-scale peasant economy as its economic foundation, Confucianism as its theoretical foundation, five rituals as its forms and upholding imperial power as its content. The centralized ritual system can be divided into four stages:the forming stage from the founding of the Qin Dynasty to the Sui Dynasty, the mature stage in the Tang and Song Dynasties, the declining stage in the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties (before the reign of Emperor Daoguang) and the transition stage from the reigns of Emperors Daoguang and Xianfeng in the Qing Dynasty to the period of the Republic of China. The four stages manifest in apparently different ways and thus their features are distinctive. Along with the growing trend of the eastward spread of Western culture since the reigns of Emperors Daoguang and Xianfeng, modern industry started and developed at a rapid rate in China. The departure of Chinese traditional rituals from Western rituals and ideas forced Chinese traditional rituals to reform. However, due to various reasons, Chinese traditional ritual system has not accomplished its modern transition.