华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2010, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (6): 77-84.doi:

• 中国历史研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

再造组织生态:新中国成立之初的上海摊贩整顿

杨丽萍   

  1. 华东师范大学 社会科学部 上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:1900-01-01 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2010-11-25 发布日期:2010-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 杨丽萍

The Reconstructive of the Organizational Ecology: the Consolidation of the Pitchmen in Shanghai in Early Years after Founding of the PRC

Liping Yang   

  1. Department of social science, East China Normal University , Shanghai200062, China
  • Received:1900-01-01 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2010-11-25 Published:2010-11-25
  • Contact: Liping Yang

摘要: 在中华人民共和国建立初期的组织化进程中,一些社会群体表现出明显的反组织取向。摊贩即为其中之典型。这一群体经济独立而自我组织程度高,自身具有较强的反被组织倾向,其所处的社会生态也提高了其抗压能力。为了完成对基层社会的全面组织,国家通过社会调控体系再造了摊贩的组织生态,将其置于一个强势组织化氛围中,从而顺利地实现了对摊贩的再组织,并最终成功地实现了对摊贩的整顿。

关键词: 组织生态, 再组织, 社会调控, 摊贩

Abstract: In the organization process in early years after founding of the PRC , a number of social groups to demonstrate a clear orientation of the counter-organization. The pitchmen should be one of the classic. This group had a strong orientation of the counter-organization for financially independence and a high degree of self-organization, at the same time, the social ecology had increased its compressive capacity. In order to organize the grass-roots society completely, the country reconstructed the organizational ecology through social control system, by which the pitchmen had been put into a strong atmosphere of the organization. Thus, the government not only re-organized but also consolidated the pitchmen successfully.

Key words: organizational ecology, re-organized, social control system, pitchman