华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2011, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 84-92.doi:

• 马克思主义研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

从历史哲学到文学 ——马列文论研究中应该澄清的问题

顾祖钊   

  1. 安徽大学 中文系, 合肥, 230039
  • 收稿日期:1900-01-01 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2011-03-30 发布日期:2011-03-30
  • 通讯作者: 顾祖钊

From Philosophy of History to Literature ----Some Issues That Should Be Clarified in Studies of Marxist and Leninist Essays on Literature and Art

GU Zu-zhao   

  • Received:1900-01-01 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2011-03-30 Published:2011-03-30
  • Contact: GU Zu-zhao

摘要: 将马克思主义文学观单纯地解释为现实主义文学观,这是前苏联马列文论家的片面解读。为了恢复马克思主义文学观的原貌,有必要澄清它的历史哲学视角及其相关问题。通过对马克思主义历史哲学性质的分析,可以看出恩格斯将美学的和历史的批评说成是“非常高的、即最高的标准”,也是其历史哲学用语在文学理论中应用。此外, 澄清了马克思主义文学观的历史视野,我们还可以描绘以“世界文学”为核心的马克思主义文学观及其主要理论构成。

关键词: 历史哲学, 苏式马列文论, 马克思主义文学观, 误读与新解

Abstract: It is a former Soviet Union Marxist-Leninist essayists’ one-sidedness to explain the Marxist view of literature merely as a realistic view. In order to restore its original features it is necessary to clarify its philosophical perspectives of history and other relevant issues. F. Engels has used some terms of the Marxist philosophy of history in the theory of literature and taken aesthetical and historical criticisms as the highest criteria. Through a clarification of historical visions of the Marxist outlook on literature, we may further describe its core of “world literature” and major theoretical constituents.

Key words: philosophy of history, Soviet Union-style Marxist-Leninist essay on literature, Marxist view of literature, misreading and new interpretation