华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2012, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (5): 124-132.doi:

• 语言学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

60年来中国高考作文命题的角色预设问题

1.章家谊;2.胡笙   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学中文系, 上海, 200241,上海师范大学上海师资培训中心, 上海, 200234; 2. 华东师范大学中文系, 上海, 200241
  • 出版日期:2012-09-15 发布日期:2012-11-05
  • 通讯作者: 1.章家谊;2.胡笙
  • 作者简介:章家谊;胡笙

The Role Presupposition of Composition Assignment in China’s College Entrance Exam in the Past 60 Years

ZHANG Jia-Yi, Hu-Sheng   

  • Online:2012-09-15 Published:2012-11-05
  • Contact: ZHANG Jia-Yi, Hu-Sheng
  • About author: ZHANG Jia-Yi, Hu-Sheng

摘要: 新中国成立以来,高考已经走过了62年,历年全国高考作文题先后也已达229道。通过对历年高考作文题的题型统计和题目高频词分析,可以看到我国高考作文题明显存在“文体的去诗歌化”、“话题的个人化”、“答案的封闭化”的倾向,从而显示出出题者的自我角色预设和对考生的角色期待存在着亟待纠正的问题。

关键词: 高考作文, 去诗歌化, 个人化, 封闭化, 角色预设

Abstract: Since the founding of new China, China has held national college entrance exam for 62 years, in which there have been 229 composition topics. According to the statistics of composition types and the analysis of high frequency words in composition assignments, there are obvious tendencies of “the exclusion of poetry style,” “the individualization in topic” and “being closed in answer,” which reveal the problems concerning the role presupposition of composition assignment and the expectation to the role of examinees. These problems remain to be corrected.

Key words: composition assignment in college entrance exams, the exclusion of poetry style, the individualization in topic, being closed in answer, role presupposition