华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2012, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (5): 133-140.doi:

• 语言学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

涉外报道中对有争议地名的指称问题
 ——以《人民日报》(1946—2012)为例的分析

1.韩晓晔;2.范祖奎   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学中文系, 上海, 200241, 新华社《瞭望东方周刊》; 2. 新疆师范大学中亚五国汉语国际教育研究基地, 乌鲁木齐, 830054
  • 出版日期:2012-09-15 发布日期:2012-11-05
  • 通讯作者: 韩晓晔 范祖奎
  • 作者简介:韩晓晔 范祖奎
  • 基金资助:

    本文为新疆“中亚五国汉语国际教育研究基地”重点项目(编号为040712B03)的阶段性成果

How to Refer to Controversial Areas in International Journalism: A Case Study on People’s Daily (1946—2012)

HAN Xiao-Ye, FAN Zu-Kui   

  • Online:2012-09-15 Published:2012-11-05
  • Contact: HAN Xiao-Ye, FAN Zu-Kui
  • About author: HAN Xiao-Ye, FAN Zu-Kui

摘要: 指称是人类认知的基础,在新闻语言中,对一个国家间有争议地区的地名,究竟是称为“独岛”、“竹岛”、“独岛(日本称为‘竹岛’)”或“竹岛(韩国称为‘独岛’)”,这不仅仅是如何有效地坚持新闻语言客观性的问题,也是如何准确而恰当地表达新闻立场与话语权利的问题,更是一个如何维护国家利益的问题。从对1946—2012《人民日报》的语料库的分析出发,可以看到,有争议地区地名指称形式的语用原则应该遵循“新闻客观”、“国家利益”、“语用有序”三大原则,以及“原叙转述分别”、“行为主体与行为匹配”、“间接引语直接引语分别”“标题正文分别”等具体准则。

关键词: 《人民日报》;地名指称;有争议地区, 国际利益, 语用原则

Abstract: We begin to know something in its reference. How to refer to controversial geographical areas in journalistic language-for example, “Dokdo,” “Takeshima,” “Dokdo (Takeshima in Japanese)” or “Takeshima (Dokdo in Korea)”-concerns many issues such as how to keep objectivity in journalistic language, how to express precisely and appropriately the standpoint and use discourse power in journalism, and also how to protect national interests. According to the analysis of the corpus in People’s Daily from 1936 to 2012, the reference of controversial areas should follow three major principles of pragmatics, namely, journalism objectivity, national interests, order of pragmatics, and four sub-principles, namely, difference between the original statement and quotation, match between subjects and their behaviors, difference between direct and indirect quotations, and difference between title and text.

Key words: People’s Daily, reference of geographical areas, controversial areas, national interests, principles of pragmatics