华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2012, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (5): 43-49.doi:

• 中国历史研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

明代图书检查制度新探
——以汪佃奉敕校书建阳为线索

包诗卿   

  1. 华东师范大学历史系, 上海, 200241
  • 出版日期:2012-09-15 发布日期:2012-11-05
  • 通讯作者: 包诗卿
  • 作者简介:包诗卿:北京大学历史学博士,主要从事宋元明清史教学与研究。

A New Study on the Book Inspection System in the Ming Dynasty: Based on Wang Dian’s Book Correction in Jianyang under the Imperial Order

BAO Shi-Qing   

  • Online:2012-09-15 Published:2012-11-05
  • Contact: BAO Shi-Qing
  • About author: BAO Shi-Qing

摘要: 明代图书检查制度比较宽松,中央对地方刻书事业的行政干预力度十分有限,并没有派出“钦差”官员执行过专项检查;对一些刻书中心的规范行为,主要由当地负责文教方面的宪臣——提调学校官负责,多数时候可归为一种自发的行为,因而导致相关政策的不稳定性和不可持续性,也就没能形成系统的法律规章制度。唯其如此,一个活泼自由多元的图书出版贸易阅读局面的出现,方才在晚明历史上显得格外光彩夺目。

关键词: 汪佃, 建阳, 图书检查, 提学

Abstract: The regulation about book inspection was not strict in the Ming Dynasty. The central government’s intervention in local publication was inefficient, and did not send imperial officials to carry out special inspections. Thus the responsibility of the book inspection fell on the censors, who were in charge of cultural education, especially officials in schools. Most of time, book inspection was spontaneous, which made relevant policy unstable and unsustainable, No systemic law or regulation had taken shape. Consequently, as a very bright-colored and dazzling phenomenon, there was an active, free and pluralistic book publishing prospect in the late Ming Dynasty.

Key words: Wang Dian, Jianyang, book inspection, educational inspector