华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2011, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 29-36.doi:

• 中国哲学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

“和”的追求:传统哲学视域中的中医学理

陈丽云 严世芸   

  1. 上海中医药大学中医药文化研究与传播中心,上海,201203
  • 收稿日期:1900-01-01 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2011-03-30 发布日期:2011-03-30
  • 通讯作者: 陈丽云 严世芸

Seeking for “Harmony”: The Chinese Traditional Medical Theory in a Perspective of Traditional Philosophy

CHEN Li-yun & YAN Shi-yun   

  • Received:1900-01-01 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2011-03-30 Published:2011-03-30
  • Contact: CHEN Li-yun & YAN Shi-yun

摘要: “和”是中国传统文化中颇具特征性的哲学思想,它贯穿于万物万事中,成为中华民族固有的价值观念和崇高理念。孕育脱胎于传统文化的中医学,无论是《黄帝内经》,还是历代医家学术思想和理论,都渗透了“和”的理念。具体表现为生命观——精气神的和谐、人体内部以及人与自然的和谐。失和则为致病的根本原因,治疗的目的在于达到“和”。这些理论,最终发展成完整的体系,为中医学之核心原则。通过对中医“和”思想的解析,认为“平衡”非中医本身所固有的,不能用“平衡”来衡量人体是否健康。随着时代的发展,疾病谱的改变,致病因素日益复杂,治疗逐渐趋于个性化,作为具有中医特色的“和”之理念,是现代医学所不能取代的,无论其学术理论还是具体治疗方面,必将在未来有广泛的应用价值和发展前景。

关键词: 中医, 和, 平衡

Abstract: Being a quite special philosophical idea in traditional Chinese culture, “harmony” has become one of Chinese nation’s inherent values and loft ideals. The traditional Chinese medical studies, emerging from traditional culture, all penetrate the idea of “harmony”, which finds expression in harmony of life and spirit, harmony of various parts within human body, and harmony of human beings and nature. The loss of harmony is a fundamental cause for disease, and the target of treatment aims at harmony. All these doctrines have developed into a complete system and become key principles of traditional Chinese medicine.

Key words: traditional Chinese medicine, harmony, balance