华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2011, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 48-55.doi:

• 中国历史研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

清末浙江地方新政筹款

侯鹏   

  1. 华东师范大学 人文与社会科学学院 上海 200241
  • 收稿日期:1900-01-01 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2011-03-30 发布日期:2011-03-30
  • 通讯作者: 侯鹏

The Fund Raising for Local “New Government” in Zhejiang Province during the Late Qing Dynasty

HOU Peng   

  • Received:1900-01-01 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2011-03-30 Published:2011-03-30
  • Contact: HOU Peng

摘要: 清末,为筹办各项地方“新政”,广泛的筹款活动在各地普遍展开。由于其征收来源复杂多样,征收主体极为分散,在为地方新政开辟了财源的同时,它也开启了地方社会权力结构重组的契机。浙江省在这一时期的筹款围绕着教育、警政事业,收入来源以各类地方认捐为主,兼及各类官方补助,直至清代结束,也未形成一完整的收支规范,对这一活动的研究有助于我们从更具体的、地域性的角度审视清末新政改革下地方各利益群体的冲突格局。也部分地解释了晚清“民变”迭起的深层社会原因。

关键词: 地方财政, 地方自治, 清末新政

Abstract: In the late Qing Dynasty a wide range of fund-raising activities were carried out in every province for implementation of local “new government and policy”. With varieties of the tax source and diversity of tax-collectors, those activities cause reorganizations of the local authority structure. In Zhejiang Province the fund-raising was used for local education and police force. Its source of income included various contributions and some official subsidies. Until the end of the Qing Dynasty, the whole activity did not form a complete specification of payments. A study on such an event can help us examine social influences of "New Policy" in the late Qing in a more geographical detail.

Key words: local finance, local autonomy, “new government and policy” in the late Qing Dynasty