华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2011, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 113-123.doi:

• 江南文学与文化 • 上一篇    下一篇

“江南”再发现 ——略论中国历史与文学中的“江南认同”

胡晓明   

  1. 华东师范大学 中文系,上海 200241
  • 收稿日期:1900-01-01 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2011-03-30 发布日期:2011-03-30
  • 通讯作者: 胡晓明

A Rediscovery of the “South of the Yangtze River” ----A Study on the “Identity of South of the Yangtze River” in Chinese History and Literature

HU Xiao-ming   

  • Received:1900-01-01 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2011-03-30 Published:2011-03-30
  • Contact: HU Xiao-ming

摘要: 历史上的“江南”存在着丰富的文化与思想资源,但缺少一个现代科学的概念来加以整合。“江南认同”是从历代有关江南意识自觉、江南地方情感突出、江南文化影响力的文献资料以及种种江南意象中提炼出来的一个概念,其中包含着诸如“江南文化之二源”、“江南认同之两歧”等复杂问题以及一些代代隐传的江南意象,在由一种政治认同转而为一种文化认同的过程中,文学起到了很大的作用。南北朝时期是江南认同形成的时期,在中国史上首次完成了文化话语权的转移,为中国文化增加了重大的变数。在这个过程中,中原认同并没有消失,而是与江南认同并生共存,相反相成。所谓“江南认同”的产生,不是一下子出现的,而是经历了北方中原认同在其中纠缠挣扎,死而后生,是北方渐渐化入南方的过程。

关键词: 江南认同, 中原认同, 历史, 文学

Abstract: The term of “south of the Yangtze River” in history was full of cultural and ideological resources and yet shortage of a modern scientific definition, while the “identity of south of the Yangtze River” was a concept derived from influential cultural materials and various images. In a transitive process from a political to cultural identity, literature tended to play a great role. The cognitive identity of south of the Yangtze River took shape during the period of Southern and Northern dynasties, and meanwhile the identity of the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River did not disappear. They both have always coexisted and affected each other.

Key words: identity of the south of the Yangtze River, identity of the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, history, literature