华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2012, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (5): 107-113.doi:

• 宗教学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

摆脱“西方中心论”及重建本土宗教学

安伦   

  1. 浙江大学全球化文明研究中心, 杭州, 310007
  • 出版日期:2012-09-15 发布日期:2012-11-05
  • 通讯作者: 安伦
  • 作者简介:安伦:教授,浙江大学全球化文明研究中心理事会主任

Discarding the West-centrism and Reconstructing the System of Native Religious Studies

AN Lun   

  • Online:2012-09-15 Published:2012-11-05
  • Contact: AN Lun
  • About author: AN Lun

摘要: 诞生和发展于西方强盛时期的宗教学理论,主要建立在基督宗教的基础上,其解释范式带有“西方中心论”色彩,不能正确诠释包括中国本土宗教信仰在内的世界大多数其他宗教,因而不具有理论普适性。长期以来,中国学术界对西方宗教学理论不加鉴别地照搬照用造成了中国宗教研究和宗教认识的诸多误区。当前,中国宗教学界的有识之士已经意识到重建本土宗教学研究体系的必要性,在此背景下,如何摆脱“西方中心论”宗教学的消极影响,重新认识其对我国宗教研究与宗教认识的危害,以及重新建立属于中国特色的宗教学研究体系,将在未来中国宗教学研究中显得越来越重要。

关键词: 宗教学, 西方中心论, 中国本土宗教, 建制性宗教

Abstract: Created and developed in the powerful and prosperous period of the West, the theories of religion were largely based upon the model of Christianity. Because of their west-centrism, they lack universality and cannot properly interpret many religions including indigenous Chinese religions. Over the years, the Chinese academia blindly copied the theories in the West only resulting in creating much misunderstanding in the religious studies in China. Currently, intellectuals in the circle of religious studies in China have realized the necessity of reconstructing a proper system for religious studies. In this backdrop, it is more and more important to discard the west– centrism in the theories of religion with recognition of its harm to national religious research on the one hand and to reconstruct the system of religious studies for future religious studies in China on the other hand.

Key words: religious studies, west-centrism, indigenous Chinese religion, institutionalized religion