华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2011, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 11-16.doi:

• 逻辑学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

语境转变解悖方案

贾国恒   

  1. 华东师范大学哲学系,上海 200241
  • 收稿日期:1900-01-01 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2011-03-30 发布日期:2011-03-30
  • 通讯作者: 贾国恒

The Linguistic Context Change as a Solution to Paradoxes

JIA Guo-heng   

  • Received:1900-01-01 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2011-03-30 Published:2011-03-30
  • Contact: JIA Guo-heng

摘要: 解悖方案应当阐释悖论的真假规律,但确定悖论的具体真假却不是它的任务。语境转变解悖方案是一种新的解悖方案。不同于传统解悖方案通常不研究正常句和脱离悖论句与正常句的相互联系,语境转变解悖方案从研究正常句的语境变化规律出发,然后由正常句扩展到悖论句,通过正常句与悖论句的意义和真值的相互观照,来消解悖论。这种研究进路可以极大地扩展悖论研究的视野,使解悖研究具有一以贯之的气势,并使解悖方案极其符合直觉,具备其他解悖方案所不具有的天然优势。

关键词: 语境, 转变, 悖论, 意义, 真值

Abstract: The solution to a paradox should expound laws of a true or false paradox, but not determine whether it is specifically true or false. The linguistic contextual change solution is a new solution to a paradox. Differing from a traditional solution, it focuses on mutual relations of meaning and true value both in a normal sentence and in a paradoxical sentence so as to solve a paradox. Such a solution is closely in accordance with people’s intuition and has a natural advantage.

Key words: linguistic context, change, paradox, meaning, true value