华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2011, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 37-47.doi:

• 中国历史研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国自由主义的“正名”——战后自由主义的浮现及其意义

章清   

  1. 复旦大学历史系 上海 200433
  • 收稿日期:1900-01-01 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2011-03-30 发布日期:2011-03-30
  • 通讯作者: 章清

The Emergence of Liberalism in China and Its Significance in the Period of after World War II

ZHANG Qing   

  • Received:1900-01-01 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2011-03-30 Published:2011-03-30
  • Contact: ZHANG Qing

摘要: 战后中国自由主义的发展确有值得重视的地方:出现了不少明确标榜“自由主义”立场的刊物;也不乏讨论“自由”及“自由主义”的专书出版。尤其重要的是,“自由主义”作为一股政治势力也有所表现,而不惟只是部分知识分子醉心的理想。可以说,作为一种政治“话语”,“自由主义是什么”,“自由主义往何处去”,到战后才引起各方热烈讨论。游离于此,要重建中国自由主义的基本史实,是难以想象的。将此置于近代中国思想发展的“长程”予以审视,明显可以看出“中国自由主义”有了较为清晰的“思想图景”;而对中国自由主义的认知又陷入“正名”的诉求中,也表明中文世界阐述“自由主义”所面临的问题。

关键词: 自由, 自由主义, 中间路线, 经济平等

Abstract: In the period of after World War II the Chinese evolution of liberalism does have its points worth to be focused. There were quite a few magazines marked with a "liberalism" footing, and many monographs discussing "liberty" and "liberalism" were published. Furthermore, "liberalism" also emerged as a political force, in addition to a group of intellectuals’ objective. In fact, as a political discourse, the question of "what is liberalism" or "where liberalism can go" began to be discussed widely after the war. It is hard to imagine that the real history of China’s liberalism could be re-constructed without addressing the above facts. Obviously, a clearer "picture of thoughts" about "China’s liberalism" can be attained when it is put into a longer history of modern Chinese thoughts. The fact that the understanding of China’s liberalisms falls into the pursuit of "justification" actually reflects those problems puzzling people’s efforts to describe "liberalism" in the Chinese-speaking world.

Key words: liberty, liberalism, middle route, economic equality