华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2011, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 1-8.doi:

• 哲学研究 •    下一篇

心性现象学的研究领域与研究方法

倪梁康   

  1. 中山大学哲学系
  • 收稿日期:1900-01-01 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2011-01-25 发布日期:2011-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 倪梁康

The Research Area and Methodology for Phenomenology of Mind and Nature

Ni Liang-kang   

  1. Department of Philosophy, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275
  • Received:1900-01-01 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2011-01-25 Published:2011-01-25
  • Contact: Ni Liang-kang

摘要: “心性现象学”包含两个方面的内容:其一,它以意识及其本质、心的逻辑、“心的秩序”或“心之理”为其研究对象,即是说,在内容上它是事关“心性”的;其二,它以现象学的结构描述和发生说明为其基本研究方法,这意味着,在方法上它是事关“现象学”的。心性现象学的主要任务在于:在反思的目光中,通过观念直观来把握心识的本质因素与诸因素之间的本质联系。这种本质联系既意味着各个本质因素在静态结构方面的联系,也意味着它们在发生历史方面的联系。与之相应的方法是横向本质直观和纵向本质直观。

关键词: 心识, 本质, 现象学, 纵横意向性, 纵横本质直观

Abstract: “The phenomenology of mind and nature” contains two aspects. One is that it takes consciousness and its essence as its study object; in other words, it is concerned with “mind and nature” in content. And the other is that it takes phenomenological structural descriptions and genetic expositions as its basic approaches. That is to say, it is concerned with “phenomenological” in methodology. The main task of mind-nature phenomenology aims at grasping the essential connection between consciousness’ essential and other factors through reflections and ideation. Such an essential connection means a kind of connection of essential factors in their static structure, and also their connections in the genetic history. Correspondingly, the method of horizontal or vertical essential intuition is employed.

Key words: consciousness, essence, phenomenology, vertical and horizontal intentionality, vertical and horizontal eidetic intuition