华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2011, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 70-76.doi:

• 法学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

侵害责任演变的经济解释

王 怡1 黄永锋2   

  1. 1.海南大学 学报编辑部;2.海南大学 法学院,海南 海口,570228
  • 收稿日期:1900-01-01 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2011-01-25 发布日期:2011-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 王怡 黄永锋

Economic Analysis of Evolution of Liabilities for Damage

WANG Yi1 & HUANG Yong-feng 2

  

  1. 1. Editorial Department of Hainan University; 2.Law School of Hainan University, Haikou, 570228, China
  • Received:1900-01-01 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2011-01-25 Published:2011-01-25
  • Contact: WANG Yi & HUANG Yong-feng

摘要: 复仇权的归属,是人们在选择侵害责任形式时所面临的一个最为重要的约束条件;侵害责任的演变是伴随着复仇权的逐步明确而展开的;复仇权属的明确化,为侵害方与受害方之间达成效率状态的更优交易创造了根本条件;从私力救济转向公力救济,体现的是以复仇权为指向的交易合约结构的变化以及不同效率状态之间的转换。因此从经济解释的角度来看,侵害责任就是用于实现“侵害与惩罚之间的交易”的制度安排,侵害责任演变的过程就是复仇权交易的发展过程。

关键词: 侵害责任, 复仇权, 交易, 合约, 效率

Abstract: Ownership of the right to revenge is the most important constraint faced by people when society is to choose the form of liability for harm. The evolution of liabilities accompanies the confirmation of the right to revenge, which facilitates the exchange between perpetrators and victims. The shift from private relief to public relief reflects a transformation to different arrangements in contract for exchange and to different efficiency. Therefore, from the perspective of economic analysis, liabilities are mechanisms adopted to effectuate the exchange between harm and punishment, which takes the right to revenge as the subject matter; the evolution of liabilities in essence equals the development of exchange of the right to revenge.

Key words: liability for damage, right to revenge, exchange, contract, efficiency