华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2011, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 37-41.doi:

• 国际政治研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

空间、帝国与俄罗斯国家安全

刘军   

  1. 华东师范大学国际关系与地区发展研究院,上海,200062
  • 出版日期:2011-07-15 发布日期:2011-07-26
  • 通讯作者: 刘军
  • 作者简介:刘军
  • 基金资助:

    本文系教育部人文社会科学项目“全球化背景下的俄罗斯国家定位与对外政策研究———兼及新世纪以来的中俄关系”(09YJCGJW006)以及国家开发银行———华东师范大学国际关系与地区发展研究院二期项目中期成果。

Space, Empire and Russian National Security

LIU Jun   

  • Online:2011-07-15 Published:2011-07-26
  • Contact: LIU Jun
  • About author:LIU Jun

摘要: 自罗曼诺夫王朝以来,沙皇俄国一直在演绎着帝国扩张与空间安全的发展路径。在俄罗斯帝国形成发展过程中,空间的扩张是一个首要的条件,也是维持帝国运行的核心因素之一,帝国的安全也在于通过控制空间来予以保障。从沙俄帝国到苏联到今日俄罗斯,一个共同的特点都是通过空间扩张来维持并保障国家的运转,通过控制空间来确保国家安全;不同之处在于,沙俄帝国时期是通过纯粹的领土扩张来控制空间,苏联时期是通过意识形态的扩张来控制空间,今日俄罗斯是通过确保后苏联空间独联体地区作为其特殊利益区并拓展区域性安全组织来保障安全。

关键词: 俄罗斯, 帝国, 空间, 安全

Abstract: From the Dynasty of Romanoff on, Czarist Russia was following a developing path of imperial expansion and space safety. During the formation and development of Russian Empire the foremost condition was to expand its space, which was also one of core factors to maintain its operation. Furthermore, the security of its empire was also guaranteed by controlling space. From Tsarist Russia to the Soviet Union to Russia today, they share one common feature that the operation of the nation is maintained and safeguarded through space expansion; however, there are also differences. Tsarist controlled its space only by territorial expansion and the Soviet Union used an ideological expansion, while Russia today is making sure of the post-Soviet CIS area as its particular interest and expanding the regional security organization to assure its security.

Key words: Russia , empire , space , security