华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2012, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (5): 1-9.doi:

• 中国哲学研究 •    下一篇

儒家的历史形上观
 ——以时、名、命为例

陈少明   

  1. 中山大学哲学系, 广州, 510275
  • 出版日期:2012-09-15 发布日期:2012-11-05
  • 通讯作者: 陈少明
  • 作者简介:陈少明:现为中山大学哲学系教授,兼任中山大学中国哲学研究所所长。 博士生导师,中山大学中国哲学学科带人。曾于1998年11月至2000年4月,作为哈佛-燕京学社客座研究员,到哈佛大学从事博士论文的写作。长期致力于中国哲学、哲学史方法论的教学与研究。

The Metaphysical Views on History in Confucianism: Ideas of “Occasion, Name, and Fate” as Illustrations

CHEN Shao-Ming   

  • Online:2012-09-15 Published:2012-11-05
  • Contact: CHEN Shao-Ming
  • About author: CHEN Shao-Ming

摘要: 以时、名、命诸题为例来探讨儒家的历史形上观念,其目标既不是提供一种历史哲学,也非研究科学化史学的学理基础,而是通过观念史的分析,揭示儒家影响下的中国传统历史叙述背后的预设。这些观念不一定是自觉的理论表达,而是镶嵌在古典生活整体图景中。其思想功能既是历史的,也是人生的,既是道德的,也是宗教的。理解它的意义不只是理解儒家与史学,同是也是理解我们的精神传统本身。

关键词: 儒家史学, 历史形上观, 时, 名,

Abstract: This thesis probes into the metaphysical views on history in Confucianism with ideas of occasion, name and fate as illustrations. The aim is neither to provide a philosophy of history, nor to study the theoretical foundation of a scientific historiography, but to reveal the prerequisites of Chinese traditional historical narratives under the influence of Confucianism by analyzing the history of ideas. These ideas are often not theoretical expressions; on the contrary, they are something inserted in the overall background of ancient life. They influence history, life, morals and religions. To understand this is not only to understand Confucianism and historiography, but also to understand our spiritual tradition itself.

Key words: Confucian historiography, metaphysical views on history, occasion; name, fate