华东师范大学(哲学社会科学版) ›› 2012, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (5): 10-16.doi:

• 中国哲学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

论荀子的“礼义”与“分”

崔宜明   

  1. 上海师范大学哲学学院, 上海, 200234
  • 出版日期:2012-09-15 发布日期:2012-11-05
  • 通讯作者: 崔宜明
  • 作者简介:崔宜明:上海师范大学哲学学院教授 上海师范大学哲学学院常务副院长 上海师范大学中国传统思想研究所常务副所长 上海师范大学哲学系主任
  • 基金资助:

    本文为国家社科基金项目(10BZX057)的阶段性成果

On Xunzi’s Doctrine of Rituals, Standards of Justice and Social Distinctions

CUI Yi-Ming   

  • Online:2012-09-15 Published:2012-11-05
  • Contact: CUI Yi-Ming
  • About author: CUI Yi-Ming

摘要: 荀子的政治主张是“礼治”,其学说的主旨是“明礼”,其所“明”者主要是“义”与“分”。其中,“义”是“礼”的价值性原则,“礼”因“义”而获得了道德的正当性;“分”是“礼”的功能性本质,“礼”因“分”而具有了现实的合理性。深入分析“义”与“分”的概念内涵及其内在联系,有助于我们理解中国传统哲学的思维方式、理论建构特征和历史局限性。

关键词: 关键词:荀子, 礼, 分,

Abstract: In politics, Xunzi argues for the government with rituals. Its main point is “the illumination of rituals.” What need to be “illuminated” are “standards of justice” and “social distinctions.” According to Xunzi, “standards of justice” are the value principles of rituals;” that is, “rituals” are morally justified because they conform to “standards of justice.” “Social distinctions” are the functional essence of “rituals,” and “rituals” are endowed with practical rationality because of “social distinctions.” Both “standards of justice” and “social distinctions” have rich meanings in Xunzi, and the relationship of them is fairly complicated. A deep examination of “standards of justice” and “social distinctions” as well as their relationship helps us understand the way of thinking, features of theory construction and historical limitations in traditional Chinese philosophy.

Key words: Xunzi, rituals, social distinctions, standards of justice